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Progress towards the objectives


Objective 1. documentation of the spatio-functional shaping in the interwar buildings, since research so far concentrated from a point of view of history of art on the façade, not on the building plan;
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
Literature research, field trips, archive research.
INSTRUMENTS
Check lists (to be developed within the project), photography, preparation of functional schemes, drawings of spatial schemes.
WORK PERFORMED:
Literature research of book on 20th century architecture mongraphs from Romania, Greece, Portugal, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, France, Czech Republic etc (including more literature on Central Europe as consulted at the CCA). Reading an article by Wolfgang Sonne on the typology of multi-storey blocks of flats in Europe which contains some of these countries but is short of Eastern Europe.
Field trips to different cities in Romania, Portugal, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Finnland, Slovenia, the Netherlands, France, Czech Republic.
Visit of exhibitions which present archive research results in Romania, UK, Sweden and the Scandinavian states, Bulgaria, Italy, Germany, Estonia, France.
Visit of buildings from inside to experience the spatiality of interior spaces resulting from the floor plan in Como and Cernobbio, Italy (Giuseppe Terragni), Paris, France (Le Corbusier), Amsterdam, the Netherlands (Berlage), Oradea, Romania, Porto, Portugal.
Floor plans of the interwar buildings were related to traditional floor plans in Romania and Germany, as documented for the reports of the World Housing Encyclopedia.
Archive research was performed at the Canadian Centre for Architecture and included consulting floor plans and archive photographs of the architecture of Rudolph Fraenkel, a German architect who emigrated to Romania (and then to the UK and the US), during interwar time. It is one of the most comprehensive archives on the architect.
RESULTS:
Functional schemes for buildings in Romania, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Slovenia.
These were related to the seismic vulnerability derived from the architectural layout and so further studied for publications. This way the project is linked to the previous main Marie Curie research project.
More research in this direction is in review to be published, and it built the subject of doctorate referats.
A special part of the study relates to the role of documentary photography. In this regard a stay at the Canadian Centre for Architecture took place.
At the Canadian Centre for Architecture it was also possible to discuss with one of the writers involved in a project of a Romanian architect who immigrated to the US after working in interwar time in Romania.
Two books and several other publications were done on the comparison of interwar floor plans and traditional plans, within Bucharest or across countries.
Comparisons of floor plans of Romanian buildings, highlighting their structural features, as investigated on the site of the main fellowship host, were published in another book.
RELEVANCE:
The study followed the recommendations from the reviewers of the project on the selection of sites to be studied within the project. The focus was maintained on countries which were subject of the previous Marie Curie research, but extended with several other locations, keeping an eye on less documented parts of Europe. The study by Sonne on the current floor plan of multi-storey buildings from the interwar time builds a welcome completion.
Not only interwar architecture was looked at, but, as written in the project proposal, also architecture from turn-of-the century, for example in Oradea, Ljubljana, Helsinki and Budapest.
There is a related COST action, on European Architecture outside Europe, which we were unfortunately unable to join (yet). But there are contacts to a scientist in Vienna involved in that COST action to eventually teach in Vienna on this research on reinforced concrete.
TRAINING RECEIVED:
Course on research methods in architecture (in frame of the doctoral training).