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Timeliness and relevance of the project
Although many publications feature research on the architectural heritage of the Modern Movement, these focus, as already mentioned, on the innovation in the façades and in the composition of volumes which was brought by the co-existing styles. Some publications include building plans, but they are far of being the source useful for the project, thus archive research will be needed. Through this, the research proposed will complete results achieved by previous endeavours on European level.
Comparative studies to the heritage of the Modern Movement tend to be performed in geographically close areas, like the one on Central Europe mentioned, and not on typologically related movements. The study will integrate those movements of ‘other Modernisms’ which relate through the architectural programme (block of flats for the middle class) and subsequently through the innovation brought by this.
As explained, functional and spatial-volumentric relationships characterise an architectural programme. A residential unit started during the early Moderninsm, what today is generally accepted, to functionally display a “day-zone”, and a “night-zone”. Zoning is a division into parts in the functionality of which a unitary character is recognisable, actively reported to the ambiance. Functional requirements regarding the vicinity of spaces can largely be met in well designed residential projects. Given the amount of new constructions in countries like Romania, Hungary and even Greece, the findings in the project can be also a lesson to be re-learned. For all countries, in projects of interventions of existing buildings lessons can be learned from the social perspective in the 20s and 30s to be applied for the environmental issues of today.
It is beneficial to undertake the project at Community level since the findings will contribute to enhance EU scientific excellence. Also, the data are spread in countries across the EU. Three of the countries, Romania, Italy and Greece built the investigation subject also during the Marie Curie fellowship, from another point of view. Romania is the country of nationality of the fellow and where this re-integration is proposed. Italy is the country of the fellowship. With Hungary a co-operation exists through a book project started during the Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship and to be finished during the reintegration. This co-opearation should be strengthened during this project.